IN A NUTSHELL
When you are physically ill, you usually notice it relatively quickly. This is more difficult with mental illnesses such as depression, schizophrenia, or burnout. But what does the word “psyche” actually mean? Translated, it means nothing else than "soul" or "spirit". The term also summarizes everything that psychology (the study of behavior) and psychiatry (medical specialty, responsible for mental illnesses) deal with. In people who have a mental illness, the way they think, feel, act, and perceive changes.
Mental illnesses are often taboo in our society: Nobody likes to talk about them, and those affected are ashamed. A mental illness is like any other illness: anyone who breaks an arm is usually given a cast, maybe goes to physiotherapy, and gradually rebuilds the muscles. It's the same with a mental illness: You get therapeutic help or talk to other affected people in a self-help group about your problems. Medicines are often used so that those affected can lead a normal everyday life.
When is one considered mentally ill?
The term disease is defined in medicine but difficult to assess. To what extent you are sick, and how much is mainly determined by your personally experienced suffering.
At a time like this, it is not always easy to be mentally stable. Almost any mood swings or depressive phases after which one then continues to live psychologically stable. For example, if you grieve and find support again, this is no longer a problem but quite normal.
A contrast must be created between the duration of time and the interval of time when you go through periods of depression, rage, anxiety, uncertainty, or paranoia. We suggest you visit a psychotherapist if you persist for a long period or keep repeating. You should speak to you about your issues and make a diagnosis if necessary. We suggest getting support, particularly if you feel like you lost yourself and can no longer walk your happy route.
CAUSES OF MENTAL ILLNESS
The triggers of mental disorders rely on the person. Different variables may be merged, and in turn, are pronounced differently. The consequence of mental disorder is an interplay between personal insecurity and the world in which you grew up. The following may contribute to mental illness:
In psychology, an emotional injury is an emotional trauma, which can be of varying severity or depth. Trauma is a state of intense helplessness that is beyond one's ability to cope with.
Some examples of this are war, natural disasters, displacement, rape, assaults, serious accidents, loss of loved ones, long-term manipulation, life-threatening illnesses, emotional abuse, too little love and affirmation in childhood, divorce, too high demands and expectations, Bullying, bad grades, a very embarrassing event, etc.
All of the preceding examples shape our personality very strongly and can have a negative effect on our self-confidence. If stress factors are added to vulnerability, mental illness can develop.
Substance abuse is a common trigger or intensifier of mental illness. You lose yourself in dream worlds, sometimes far from reality. Paranoia and delusions can arise, which, in the worst case, can become chronic.
If a close relative is mentally ill, this can also be inherited but does not have to be. The risk is slightly higher than that of people with healthy families. But even these people can very well get mentally ill.
First of all, it must be said that high sensitivity is not a disease. Around 20% of all people are considered to be hypersensitive. Hypersensitive people perceive sounds, colors, and feelings much more than normal people. Because they perceive their senses so strongly, they are exposed to a higher risk of becoming mentally ill. Often, however, such people are very relieved when they find out that they are much more sensitive than other people and then learn to deal with it better. Among other things, because highly sensitive people are given great empathy and creativity. Some researchers also see a positive connection between high sensitivity and giftedness.
Too high expectations
According to our system, people should, above all, function, work, and adapt, not live freely and happily. The ideal and the perfectionism of society and parents, acquaintances, and friends can lead to high expectations that you can never meet. Insensitive or highly motivated people, this inevitably gnaws at their satisfaction and makes them depressed. It is, therefore, important to know your own goals and expectations and to act on them. Instead of living life, you want to be told.
In addition to these causes, there are other possible causes such as hormonal disorders during pregnancy or puberty, neurotransmitter disorders (when the nerves no longer transmit the messenger substances correctly), or diseases caused by taking medication.
TREATMENT AND PREVENTION
Many mental illnesses are now easily treatable and affect many people only once in a lifetime. Many mental health clinics also provide Telehealth psychiatry services to provide online therapy.
Different therapeutic strategies are available based on the nature of the disorder. In general psychiatric treatment and medicine are prescribed. They are also successful ways to enhance your wellbeing. However, you must figure out what approaches are acceptable for yourself and which support your rehabilitation.
In the worst case, due to one's level of suffering or the level of suffering of the environment, the patient is admitted to a psychiatric hospital. In psychiatric hospitals, symptoms are first treated with medication. Psychotherapy or personality-enhancing therapies are urgently needed but are still the exception.
Here's how you can prevent mental illness:
· Psychoeducation or research on mental illnesses and mental health, for example, with self-help books.
· Self-help through self-discovery and a strong will. So by recognizing or formulating your goals, strengths, and weaknesses.
· Physical activity has a positive effect on our psyche through the release of happiness hormones. Exercise also contributes to a healthy body and lifestyle. Yoga and asanas are particularly effective because they combine the body and mind. If the body is healthy, our psyche also feels healthier. The reverse is also true.
· To be sober. The more drugs you use, the more susceptible you are to mental illness. That means - the fewer drugs you take, the faster your psyche will recover and focus on reality. Your body will be grateful to you too.
· A healthy diet also has a positive effect on your psyche. If you are unsure about this topic, you can also contact a doctor or nutritionist.
If you suspect that you or someone you know may have a mental illness, you can do the following:
· Psychological counseling and psychotherapy or request help from a trained specialist. Naturopaths such as mental trainers, kinesiologists, or similar specialists can also help you. Note, however, that you should find the sessions with the expert to be pleasant. If not, we recommend looking for someone else. You can find a list of contact persons here.
· Healthcare professionals can prescribe drugs or psychotropic drugs to relieve symptoms.
· Homeopathy can also be a proven remedy.
· Develop coping strategies: early detection of symptoms, dealing with the new crisis, contacting a specialist early on
· Self-help groups can be very helpful because you get to know other perspectives and learn to speak openly and honestly about your illness. A list of self-help groups in Liechtenstein is available here.
· Specific coming to terms with the past with specialists' help: forgiveness ceremonies, meditations, hypnosis, etc. Often, depression and other mental illnesses are trauma or mental injury in childhood or later in life.
· With the help of psychosocial advice from social workers: Look at the entire life situation of the person concerned: daily routine, work situation (possibly finding a suitable job, legal pages, compatibility with the personal situation, etc.), financial situation (health insurance, pension fund, IV, etc.), the family situation.